Phonics is a method of teaching children to read by linking sounds (phonemes) and the symbols that represent them (graphemes, or letter groups). Phonics is the learning-to-read method used in primary schools in the UK today.
A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound. The phonemes used when speaking English are:
PHONICS LEARNING STEPS
Step 5: vowel digraphs
Step 6: consonant digraphs